Omnivore, feeding on roots, shoots, seeds, berries, and small prey including insects, amphibians, fish, reptiles and mammals.
Up to 18 years in the wild and 20 years in captivity.
Sexually mature at four years. Mating and egg laying occurs between late April and July. The 2 eggs are incubated by both the male and the female for 32 days. The young fledge after 90 days.
Coyote, bobcat and golden eagle; eggs and/or young may also be taken by gray wolf, corvids, raccoon and certain birds of prey.