Carnivorous , feeding on insects, including grasshoppers, small reptiles, amphibians, small rodents, and occasionally birds.
Up to 8 years in the wild and 11 years in captivity.
Sexually mature at one year. Mating and egg laying occurs between in March and July . The 6-12 eggs are incubated by both the male and the female for 28 days. The young fledge after 28 days.
Western rattlesnake, larger owls, falcons, American badger, skunk, foxes, and weasels.