Omnivorous, feeding mainly on plants (wild fruits, acorns, hazelnuts, corn and other feed grains). It can also feed on many species of insects.
Approximately 7 to 10 years in the wild.
Mating occurs between March and July. The 4-5 eggs are incubated for 16 to 18 days. After hatching, the chicks are naked and helpless. 17 days later, they are feathered and ready to leave the nest. 3 weeks later, they begin to feed themselves, but continue to follow their parents, which feed them from time to time for another 1 or 2 months, sometimes even up to 4 months old.
Buzzards, hawks and owls. The eggs may be eaten by raccoons, squirrels, cats, snakes.