American Bison (Bison bison)
Herbivorous, feeding on herbaceous plants, sedges, rushes and lichens.
The female is sexually mature at 2 years old and the male at 2 or 3 years old. Mating takes place between early July and mid-September. A single calf is born between May and early June after an approximate 9 month gestation period and is weaned after 7 months.
Up to 20 years in the wild.
Calves can be the prey of Grizzly Bears, Black Bears, Grey Wolves and Pumas.
Near threatened; Canadian populations are threatened.